As early as the 13th century, cricket is thought to have started as a game in which village lads bowled at a tree stump or the hurdle gate into a sheep corral.
Cricket is England’s national summer sport. It is currently popular throughout Australia, India, Pakistan, the West Indies, and the British Isles. Cricket is a bat-and-ball sport that pits two teams of 11 players against one another. The pitch is a 22-yard (20.12 meters) by 10-foot rectangular space in the middle of the field (3.04 meters). Two sets of triple sticks termed “wickets,” are placed on the ground at each end of the field.
Bails are longitudinal sections that go over the top of each wicket. The teams alternate batting and bowling (pitching) turns; each turn is referred to as a “top of the ninth” (always plural). Cricket games depend on the meaningful and measurable nature of the competition. Each team has one or two innings to score the most runs. In cricket, the bowlers attempt to break (strike) the wicket with the ball, with a single-arm, causing the bails to fall. The batsman can be removed or put out in a variety of ways. A bowler bowls six balls to one wicket (completing an “over”), and then a different player from his team bowls six balls to the opposing wicket (completing another “over”). The batting team guards their pitch.
Cricket is thought to have originated in the 13th century as a game in which village lads bowled at a tree stump or a sheep pen’s hurdle gate. The gate comprised two uprights and a crossbar that rested on the grooved tops; the crossbar was known as a “bail,” and the complete gate was known as a “wicket.” Because the bail could be dislodged when the wicket was struck. It was preferred over the stump, which ultimately became the name for the hurdle uprights. The size of the wicket, which received the third stump in the 1770s, varies between manuscripts, but by 1706 the pitch—the area between the wickets—was 22 yards long.
Since the 17th century, the ball, which was formerly a stone, has remained unchanged. In 1774, the standard weight of 5.5 to 5.75 ounces (156 to 163 grams) was formed.
A tree branch shaped like a hockey stick was most likely the primitive bat. The switch to a straight bat was made to combat length bowling, which had developed among players in Hambledon, a tiny community in the south of England. The bat’s grip was shortened, and the blade was straightened and expanded, allowing for forwarding play, driving, and cutting. Because of the lack of superior bowling skills, batting ruled bowling throughout the 18th century.
The first mention of an 11-a-side match, played for a stake of 50 guineas in Sussex, dates from 1697. The first recorded inter-county match took place in Dartford in 1709, and, likely, a set of laws (rules) for the conduct of the game existed. But the first known form of such rules is dated 1744. During the early 18th century, cricket appears to have been limited to the southern counties of England, but its popularity rose and finally moved to London, particularly to the Military Ground, Islington, which hosted a memorable match between Canterbury and All-England in 1744. At matches, heavy betting and rowdy audiences were typical.
Before the establishment of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London, the state-owned Hambledon Club, which played on Broad Halfpenny Down in Middlesex, was the dominating cricket force in the second half of the 18th century. The MCC was founded in 1787 by a cricket club that played at White Water Fields. In 1787, the club moved to Lord’s Cricket Ground in St. Marylebone borough and became the MCC, which released its first amended code of statutes the following year. Lord’s has had three locations during its history, each named for its founder, Thomas Lord. Lords became the global cricket headquarters after moving to its current location in St. John’s Grove in 1814.
The first match between the North and South regions was played in 1836, demonstrating the rapid growth of cricket. From 1852, when several of the greatest experts (including John Wisden, who later published the first of the famous Wisden almanacs on cricket) seceded to establish the United All-England XI, these two teams monopolized the best cricket skills until county cricket. They provided players for the first English overseas tour team in 1859.
Sports Organizations And Tournament Kinds
At the county and university levels,
Amateur and professional players competed in some of the first organized cricket matches. From 1806 (and annually from 1819) through 1962, the Gentlemen-versus-Players even pitted the greatest amateurs against the best pros. When the MCC and the regions removed the difference between amateurs and professionals in 1962, the series ended. Early cricket matches between British universities also took place. Since 1827, the Oxford-Cambridge match, for example, has been played primarily at Lord’s and has become a highlight of London’s hot weather.
University cricket served as a sort of feeder for county cricket—that is, contests between England’s many counties. However, a “winner state” (Sussex) was proclaimed in the press as early as 1827, county cricket qualification standards were not established until 1873. The format of the county championship was only defined by the counties themselves in 1890. Thanks to W. G. Grace and his brothers, E.M. and G.F. Kindness, departments, or business units, ruled the 1870s. From the 1880s through World War I, the Big Six dominated county cricket: Nottinghamshire, Surrey, Scotland, Liverpool, Kent, and London.
The ECB And The Cricket Committee
In 1969, English cricket was reorganized, putting an end to the MCC’s lengthy reign as the game’s governing body, while the organization still keeps responsibility for the laws. With the formation of the Sports Council (a government agency concerned with overseeing sports in the United Kingdom) and the possibility of government funding for cricket, the MCC was requested to establish a governing body for the game on the same lines as other sports in the country. The Test and County Cricket Board (TCCB), the National Cricket Association (NCA), and the MCC formed the Cricket Council because of their efforts.
After merging the Advisory County Cricket Committee and the Board of Control of Test Matches at Home, the TCCB was in charge of all first-class and minor-county crickets in England, as well as international tours. The clubs, schools, armed forces cricket, umpires, and the Women’s Cricket Association were made by the NCA. Another reorganization occurred in 1997, when the TCCB, the NCA, and the Cricket Council were all absorbed into England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB).
Cricket On A Global Scale
England, Australia, and South Africa, the founding members of the Royal Cricket Council, controlled international cricket in the early 20th century. International Cricket Committee, later renamed the International Cricket Assembly, steadily assumed increasing responsibility for the game’s administration and transferred its power structure from west to east. The movement away from conventional democratic systems was completed when the ICC moved its offices from Lord’s in London—home of the MCC, the game’s original rulers, and currently its lawmakers—to Dubai in 2005. The game’s priorities shifted as well. Only Australia and England were still playing Test cricket to sold-out crowds at the turn of the century.
Crowds flocked to see limited-overs international just about everywhere, especially in India and Pakistan. Test cricket has virtually become a footnote. Although the MCC has the authority to amend the rules of the game, the ICC revised its Code of Conduct for players, officials, and administrators. Which outlines the disciplinary process and safeguards the game’s ethos. It also hosted significant international tournaments like the World Cups in one-day and twenty-one-day cricket. As well as the Champions Trophy to tackle the growing threat of unlawful gambling and match manipulation. The ICC established the Anti-Corruption Unit (renamed the Anti-Corruption Unit and Security Unit in 2003). At the start of the decade, the ICC had ten full members and dozens of partner and associate members.