Eden Gardens is a cricket stadium located in Kolkata, India. It was built in 1864 and is the earliest and second-largest cricket venue in India and the third-largest globally. The stadium now has a seating capacity of 68,000 people. The platform held the first-ever day/night Test game in India on November 22, 2019, throughout the second Test against India and Bangladesh.
Eden Gardens is often regarded as the home of Indian cricket. It features the quickest outfield of any Indian cricket stadium and is known as a “batsman’s dream.” The stadium has been dubbed “cricket’s counterpart to the Colosseum.”Eden Gardens has been known as the “Mecca of Indian cricket” since India’s first recognized cricket ground.
Eden Gardens has held major global tournaments such as the World Cup, World Twenty 20, and Asia Cup. Eden Gardens were the second venue to hold a World Cup final in 1987. The stadium hosted the 2016 I.C.C. World Twenty 20 final, seeing the West Indies defeat England tight. In the 1987 Cricket World Cup Final, Eden Gardens attracted a record-breaking audience of 95,000 people.
History Of The Eden Gardens
The arena was built in 1864. It draws its title from the Eden Gardens, one of Kolkata’s earliest parks, which is next to the stadium and was established in 1841 and named for Lord Auckland, the then Governor-General of India. It was initially titled ‘Auckland Circus Gardens,’ but its creators eventually altered it to ‘Eden Gardens,’ inspired by the Garden of Eden in the Bible. As per popular belief, Babu Rajchandra Das, the then-zamindar (landlord) of Kolkata, gave one of his most extensive gardens, along the Hooghly River, to Viceroy Lord Auckland Eden his sister Emily Eden after they saved his third daughter from a terminal ailment.
The title of the garden was modified from Mar Bagan to Eden Gardens after that. Cricket fields were constructed around Babughat and Fort William. The arena is located in the city’s B. B. D. Bagh neighbourhood, near the State Secretariat and the Calcutta High Court.
The stadium hosted its initial documented Test between England and India in 1934, its first One Day International involving India and Pakistan in 1987, and its first T20 global against India and England in 2011. The first day/night game was the Hero Cup semi-final between India and South Africa.
Memorable Moments At The Eden Gardens
- Mushtaq Ali was withdrawn from the Indian side chosen to contest an unauthorized match versus the Australian Services XI in 1946. The selectors reinstated him, citing large demonstrations with cries like “No Mushtaq, No Test,” the selectors reinstated him.
- Rebellion broke out throughout the 1966/67 West Indies trip and the 1969/70 Australian series.
- The arena hosted a football game between the New York Cosmos and Mohun Bagan in 1977. Pelé was a Cosmos player at the time, and the score was 2–2 at the end of the contest.
- On August 16, 1980, a rush killed 16 football supporters following a derby league match involving East Bengal and Mohun Bagan.
- In 1984, India staged the Nehru Cup, in which the Indian national football team competed against Argentina, Poland, China PR, Romania U-21, and Vasas Budapest.
- Eden Gardens hosted the 1987 Cricket World Cup Final; the event was held beyond England. Australia won that game by a score of 7 runs against England. Australia won the Cricket World Cup Final for the first time.
- Amid an Indian batting meltdown, the 1996 World Cup semi-final was pulled off, and Sri Lanka was handed due to audience disruptions.
- The Test and ODI captaincy of the Indian National cricket squad (with a few notable exclusions) were accorded a parade of respect across the ground throughout the second final of the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup.
- Sachin Tendulkar achieved his 10,000th run in Test Cricket versus Pakistan on this venue in 2005, becoming the second Indian batter and sixth overall to do so.
- From November 6 to 10, 2013, Eden Gardens staged the historic 199th (penultimate) Cricket game of Sachin Tendulkar’s tenure versus West Indies. India dominated the West Indies in three days by an innings and 51 runs.
- On its 150th celebration, on November 13, 2014, Eden Gardens experienced the greatest ever performance by a batsman in One Day Internationals, a 264 off 173 balls achieved by Rohit Sharma all through the fourth One Day International between Sri Lanka and India.
- On April 3, 2016, the West Indies women’s and men’s squads clinched the finals of the I.C.C. World Cup Twenty 20 competitions in this stadium in a matter of hours.
- In 2005 and 2016, the stadium staged India’s 200th and 250th home tests, correspondingly.
- Ravindra Jadeja removed Sam Billings on January 22, 2017, got the first Indian left-arm spinner to capture 150 One Day International wickets.
- Kuldeep Yadav became the third Indian bowler after Chetan Sharma and Kapil Dev to take a hat-trick in an ODI on September 21, 2017, when he scored three goals versus Australia.
Pitch Report Of Eden Gardens
|Home Team||Kolkata Knight Riders|
|End Names||High Court End, Pavilion End|
Stats Of Eden Garden
ODI Statistics In Eden Gardens
|Total Match Played||29|
|Batting Second Won||11|
|Avg. Score in 1st bat||257|
|Highest Score:||India 404/5|
|Lowest Score:||India 120/10|
Scoring Pattern In Eden Gardens
|Below Score 200||5|
|The score between 200 & 249||7|
|The score between 250 & 299||11|
|Above Score 300||6|
T20I Statistics In Eden Gardens
|Total Match Played||10|
|Batting First Won||4|
|Batting Second Won||6|
|Avg. Score in 1st bat||153|
|Highest Score||Pakistan 201/5|
|Lowest Score||Bangladesh 70/10|
Scoring Pattern In Eden Gardens
|Below Score 150||4|
|The score between 150 and 169||3|
|The score between 170 and 189||2|
|Above Score 190||1|
T20 Domestic In Eden Gardens
|Total Match Played||77|
|Batting First Won||31|
|Batting Second Won||46|
|Avg. Score in 1st bat||160|
|Highest Score||Kolkata Knight Riders 232/2|
|Lowest Score||Royal Challengers Bangalore 49/10|
Scoring Pattern In Eden Gardens
|Below Score 150||26|
|The score between 150 and 169||18|
|The score between 170 and 189||23|
|Above Score 190||10|
Records Of Eden Gardens
- V.V.S. Laxman (1217 runs) has collected the highest runs in Test Games conducted here, preceded by Rahul Dravid (962 runs) and Sachin Tendulkar (872 runs). Harbhajan Singh (46 wickets) took the highest wickets here, trailed by Anil Kumble (40 wickets) and Bishen Singh Bedi (29 wickets).
- Sachin Tendulkar has collected the highest runs in ODIs here (496 runs), trailed by Mohammed Azharuddin (332 runs) and Virat Kohli (326 runs). Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev have collected the highest wickets here (14 wickets apiece), trailed by Ravindra Jadeja (9 doors).
- V.V.S. Laxman and Mohammed Azharuddin both have five centuries at this stadium.
- Rohit Sharma scored the maximum ODI single performance of 264 on this stadium versus Sri Lanka in 2014.
- Kuldeep Yadav got the third Indian bowler after Chetan Sharma and Kapil Dev to take a hat-trick in an ODI on September 21, 2017, after he scored three goals versus Australia.
- The highest I.P.L. runs ever achieved at Eden Gardens was executed on April 28, 2019. The Kolkata Knight Riders accomplished this feat against the Mumbai Indians. The final score was 232/2. MI scored 198/7 after Hardik Pandya scored 91(34) shots, giving K.K.R. their 100th T20 victory.
- The lowest total in I.P.L. history – R.C.B. (49/10).
1. Where is the Garden of Eden found today?
Iraq is the actual location of the Garden of Eden. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers are well-recognized and still flow via Iraq today. In the Bible, they are reported to have flooded across Assyria, which is today’s Iraq.
2. What are Eden Gardens famous for?
Eden Gardens in Kolkata, India, is the home of Indian cricket. It is also recognized as the “Home of Indian Cricket” and is the nation’s oldest and biggest arena in capabilities. Since its restoration before the 2011 World Cup, it can hold approximately 68,000 fans.
3. What happened in Eden Garden?
Garden of Eden, biblical earthly heaven occupied by the very first made man and woman, Adam and Eve, before their ejection for defying God’s instructions, described in the Old Testament Book of Genesis. It is also known as the Garden of Yahweh, the God of Israel, and the Garden of God in Ezekiel.
4. What is the meaning of the garden in Eden?
The lovely garden with the Tree of Life, wherein God wanted Adam and Eve to live peacefully and contentment, quickly harvesting the fruits of the Earth. The park also housed the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, which Adam and Eve were restricted from eating.